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Sunday, June 17, 2018

Bharat, Aakar Aur Sithti

Aakar Or Sthiti

Bharat vishv ki prachintam Sanskrityo mei se ek hai. Pichle pdhyi ki hai. Krishi, uaanch dashko mei bharat ne samajik- aarthik roop se bahumukhi unnnati ki hai. Krishi, udhyog, takniki aur sarvageen aarthik vikas mei adhbhut pragati hui hai. Bharat ka vishv itihaas mei bhi mahatvpurn yogdaan raha hai.

Sithti

bharat ek vishal desh hai. Yeh utri golardh mei sith hai. Iska mukhya bhag uthari akshansh se purv deshantar tak hai. Kark rekha bharat ko lagabhag do barabar bhago mei baattati hai. Mukhya bhu bhag k dakshin – purv mei, andmaan aur nikobaar deep samuh bangal ki khadi mei tatha dakshin – pashchim mei lakshdeep samuh aarab sagar mei sith hai.

Aakar

bharat k bhu bhag ka kul shetr 32.8 kakh varg kilometer hai. Bharat ka shetrafal vishv k kool bhagolik  k shetrfall ka 2.4 % hai. Bharat vish ka sathva bada desh hai. Bharat ki sathal sima lagbhag 15200 kilometer hai aur samundari tat rekha andmaan aur nikobaar deep samuh tatha lakshdeep samuh k sath 7.516.6 kilometer hai.

Bharat k utar pashchim, utar tatha utar purvi seema par navintam valit parvat hai. Iske dakshin ka bhu bhag utar mei choda hai. Aur 22* utari akshansh se hind mahasagar ki aur sankra hota gaya hai. Iske pashchim mei arab sagar tatha purv mei bangal ki khadi sith hai.

Akshansh aur deshantar ka vistaar lagbhag 30* hai. Parantu phir bhi purv- pashchim ka vistaar uttar-dakshin k vistaar ki apeksha kam pratrrt hota hai. Gujraat se arunachal k sathaniy samay mei do ghante ka antar hai. Akshansh ka prabhav dakshin se uttar ki aur, din aur raat ki avdhi par padhta hai.

Bharat  tatha vishv

Bhartiye  bhukhand aishiya mahadeep k purv aur pashchim k Madhya mei sit hai. Bhartiye bhu bhag aishiya mahadeep k dakshani vistaar hai. Hind mahasagar joh ki pashchim mei yuroopey deho aur purvi aishiyai deho ko milata hai. B harat ko kendreeya sithti pradan karta hai. Dakshin ka pathar himd mahasagar mei shirtvat faila hua hai.

Aur pashchim aishiya, Africa aur yuroop k desho k sath sath purvi aishiya k dsho se bhi purvi tat k madhyam se nikatam sambhand banaye hue hai. Hind mahasagar mei kisi bhi desh ki tatiya seema bharat jaisi nahi hai. Bharat ki issi mahatvpurn sithti k karan ek mahasagar ka naam iske naam par rakha gaya hai.

Bahart ka vishv k desho k sath sampark yuogo purana hai parantu yeh sambhand samundri jalmargo ki apeksha bhubhago se hokar tha. Utari parvato k daro se anek yaatri parchin kaal mei bharat aaye. Jabki samundari maarg bahut samya tak gyat nahi the. In maargo se prachin samya se vicharo aur vastoo ka aadan pradan hota rehta hai.

Bharat ka pachim

Madhya aur purvi aishiya tatha dakshni aishiya k padhosi desho k sath ek adhbhudh sampark raha hai. Issi prakar upnishad k vichaar, ramayan tatha panchtantr ki kahaniya, bhartiya ank avam dashamlav pranali aadi sanssar k vibhin bhago tak paunch sake. Masale, malmal aadei kapda tatha vyapar k aanya saman bharat se vibhin desho ko le jaye jate the. Iske viprit yunani sthapatya kala tatha pachimi aisia ki vastukala ke pratik minaro tatha gubandho ka prabhav humare desh ke vibhin bhago mei dekha gaya.

Bharat ke padosi desh


Bharat ka dakshin asia mei mehetpurn sthan hai. Bharat mei 29 rajya aur 7 kendrashasit shetra hai, bharat ki bhoomi ki simaye uattar pachium mei Pakistan aur avganisthan ke sath, uatar mei china(tibat), Nepal aur Bhutan ke sath tatha purv mei mayamaar v bangladesh ke sath hai. Dakshin mei samunder paar humare padosi do deep samuh shree lanka aur maaldiv hai. Bharat ur shrilanka ke bich mei chota samundria rasta eak pak jal sandhi tatha mayamaar ki khadi hai. 

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