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Sunday, June 17, 2018

Company Se Aashay Avam Vyaktigat Tatha Sarvajanik Company Mei Anter

Company

Company adhiniyam 2014 ki dhara ke anusar, company se tatpary company adhiniyam ke adhin nirmit company se hai tatha isme eak aisi vidhyman company ko bhi samilit kiya jata hai jiska nirman pehle ki kisi company adhiniyam ke antetgrat kiya gaya hai , lakin upyakt paribhasha company ki visheshtao par prakash nahi daalti.

Pro hene company ki sampurn paribhasha dene ka pryatn kiya hai. Unke anusar company rajniyam duara nirmit eak kritim vyakti hai jiska prathak avam sthai asthithv hota hgai tatha jiske sath sarvmuda hota hai.

Upyukt paribhashao ke vishleshan se yeh spasht hai “ vidhan duara nirmit kritim vyakti ko company kaha jata hai, jiska astitv apne sadastyo se alag hota hai tatha jise avishitra utaradhikar prapt hota hai. Iske pass eak sarvmuda hoti hai, iska nirman kisi samany udeshay se kiya jata hai tatha iske sadasyo ka dayitv pray simit hota hai.

Viheshtaye

Upyukt paribhashaoe ke vishleshan ke baad company ki nimn visheshtaye batai ja sakti hai.

Kritim vyakti

Eak vyakti ki bhanti eak company ki bhanti bhi apne naam mei sampati rakh sakti hai isiliye veh vyakti hai , lakin eak vastavik vyakti nahi hai kyunki isme haad mans nahi hota.

Vidhan duara nirmit

Company ka nirman adhiniyam duara hota hai aur use keval vahi adhikaaar prapt hote hai jabki adhiniyam duara use pradan kiye jate hai.

Prathak asthitv

Samamelan ke baad company ka astitv apne sadasyo se apnea lag ho jata hai, ateh sadasyo ke mrityu, pagalpan, aadi ka company ke astitv par koi prabhav nahi padta. Is sambhandh mei soloman banam soloman and company ka vivaad vishesh ulekhniye hai . jisme yeh nirnay kiya gaya tatha company apne sadasyo ki agent nahi hai.

Avichitra utradhikar

Ansho ke antergrat ki suvidha uplabhdh hone ke karan company ko nirnatar utaradhikar prapat hai. Sadasye aate jate rehte hai lakin company nirantar chalti rehti hai.

Saarvmudra

Company ke pass eak mohar hoti hai jise company ka hastakshar kaha jata hai. Mohar ko adhikrat vyakti hi company ki aur se prayog kar sakte hai.

Saman udeshya

Praya company ka nirman kuch vadhanik vyavsay karke ardhit labh kamana hota hai.

Simit dayitv

Company ke sadastyo ka dayitv sadav simit hota hai, yeh dayitv pyaya do prakar ka ho sakta hai. Ansho duara simit, garenty duara simit.

Vyaktigat Tatha Sarvajanik Company Ke Anter

Vyaktigat company

Company adhinityam 2013 ki dharaa 2(68) ke anusar vyaktigat company se tatapary eak aisi company se hai jo apne anterniyamo duara, ansho ke hastantaran par pratibandh lagati hai, sadasyo ki sankhya 50 tak simit karti hai, ansh ya rin patra kharidne ke liye janta nimantaran dene ka nishedh karti rehti hai, niyuntam punji eak lakh rupyee rakhti hai.

Visheshtaye

Ansho ke hastantaran par rok lagana

Ansh swatantr roop se hanstataransheel nahi hote, pyay anter niyam mei yeh vyavstha kar di jati hai ki ansh keval nishchit muly par hi hastantrit kiye ja sakte hai.

Sadastyo ki sankhya pachas tak simit

Sadastyo ki ganna mei nimn ko samilit nahi kiya jata, eak sadasy jo karamchari bhi hai, aisi sadasye jo bhutpurn karamchari hai, sanyuk anshdahri keval eak mane jayenge.

Janta ko nimantaran ka nishedh

Vyaktigat companiyo mei yeh pravdhan hota hai ki veh apne rin patro v ansh janta kmo nahi bech sakte aur na hi iske liye janta ko nimantarit kar sakte hai.

Niyuntam punji eak lakh rupyee

Eak vyaktigat company ke liye anivarya hai ki niyuntam punji eak lakh rupee ya sarkar duara nirdharit rakam ke barabar ho.

Sarvajanik company

Dhara 2(71), ke anusar sarvjanik company se tatpary eakm aisi company se hai jo vyaktigat company na ho arthart sarvjanik company veh hai jiske ansh swatantra purvak hastantarasheel hote hai. 

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