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Sunday, June 24, 2018

Janjati Kyaa Hai Bharat Mei Anusuchit Janjatiyo Ki Pramukh Samasyaye Btaiye

JanJati Kyaa Hai

Bhartiye Janjatiye Samaj Parivartan Ke Najuk Dor  Se Gujar Raha Hai Naye Samajik, Aarthik, Rajnitik Evem Sanskritik Bal Uske Puratan Samajik Jeevan Ko Udelit Kar Rahe Hai. Prachin Samay  Se We Bihad Janglo, Uche Phado Tatha Durgam Sthano Mei  Prakrti Ke Sath Jeevan Ka Ek Santulan Banaye Hue The. Sabhye Kahe Jane Wale Logo Ko Unke Riri-Riwaz Tatah Rehn-Sehn Chahe Jitne Atpte, Pichde Hue Ya Asbhye Lage Lekin We Samajik Paristhi kiye Anukulan Ka Shresht  Pratik Rahe Hai. Janglo  Mei  Apne Chpote Chote Teer Kamano Ke Sath Nuntam Vastro Tatah Anye Bhotik  Upkarno Ke Madhyam Se Ek Saral Jeevan Bitane Wali Ye Janjatiya Aaj Ke Sabhye Kahe  Jane Wale Samaj Se Adhik Kasht Ka Jeevan Bita Rahi Hai.

JanJati Kyaa Hai

Janjati Ka Arth Evem Paribhashaye

Janjati Ka Arth Aise Logo Se Hai Jo Kisi Nishchit Bhu-Bhag Par Niwas Karte HaiTathaVikas Ki Drishti Se KafiPichde Hue Hote Hai. Inka NiwasStahn SamanyatyaPahadi Ya Patahri Shetre Hote Hai. Inke Apne Aoise Riti-Riwaz Hote Hai Jo Gramin Evem Nagriye Shetro Mei Rehne Wale Logo Se Kafi Seema Tak Bhinn Hote Hai. Imperial Gazetteer Ne Janjati Ko In Shabdo Se Paribhashit Kiya Gaya Hai.

“Janjati Pariwaro Ka Veh Sanklan Hai Jiska Ek Apna Samanye Naam Hota Hai Jo Samanye Bhasha Bolta Hai Tatha Jo Samanye Pradesh Mei Rehta Hai Ya Rehne Ka Dawa Karta Hai Or Samanye Antarvivahi Hota HaiBhale Hi Aarambh Mei Aisa Na Karta Raha Ho” Pramukh Vidvano Ne Janjati  Ki Paribhashaye Nimn Prakar Se Di Hai
Gillin Evem Gillin Ke Anusar-“Sthaniye Aadi wasiyo Ke Kisi BhiAese Sangreh Ko Hum Janajati KehteHai Jo Ek Samanye Shetre Mei Niwas Karta Ho,Ek Samanye Bhasha Bolta Ho Tatha Samanye Sanskriti Ke Anusar Vyevhar Karta Ho”.

MajmudarKeAnusar-“Ek Janjati Pariwaro Athva Pariwaro KeSamuh Ka Sangreh HaiJiska Ek Samanye Naam Hota Hai Or Jiske Sadasye Ek Hi Bhu-Shetre Mei Niwas Karte Hai ,Ek Bhasha Bolte Hai Or Vivah, Vriti Ya Vyavsaye Ke Prati Kuch Nishedho Ka Palan Karte Hai Tatha Unme Paraspar Aadan-Pradan Evem Dayitvo Ki Parasparikta Ki Ek Sunishchit Vyavasta Viksit Ho Gayi Hai.

Anusuchit Janjatiyo Ki Pramukh Samasyaye- In Janjatiyo Mei Payi Jane Wali Pramukh Samasyaye Nimnlikhit Hai.

Samajik Samasyaye- Janjatiyo Mei Bal-Vivah Ki Pratha Prachlit Hai Samajik Sangthan Ki Samrupta Shram-Vibhajan Se Samapt Ho Chuki Hai Jiske Karan Janjatiyo Ka Samajik Sangthan Kamjor Hua Hai Janjatiyo Mei Paye Jane Wale Yuvagraho Mei Shithilta Aa Gayi Hai Unki Upadeyta Kam Ho Gayi Hai
Aarthik Samasyaye- Vartman Bhumi Evem Van Kanun Bhartiye Janjatiyo Ke Liye Kathor Hai, Kuki Kanun Unhe N Toh Vano Ke Prayog Or N Hi Aajeevika Ke Liye Vano Kr Dohan Ki Swatantrata Hai.

Dharmik Samasyaye- Janjatiyo Mei Dharam , Jadu-Tone Aadi Ka Vishesh Mehtv Raha Hai Bimar Vyakti KaIlaj Bhi Jadu - Tone Se Kiya Jata Tha Prantu Braha Prabhavo Ke Karan Dharam Ka Mehtv Kam Ho Gaya AthaIn ka Samajik Sanghthan Tanavpurn Hai.

Rajnitik Samasyaye- Janjatiyo Mei Rajnitik Jagrukta Praye Shunye Ke Brabr Thi Prantu Swatantrta Ke Baad Vibhin Staro Par Aarakshan, Prathmikta, Prajatantrik Adhikaro Ke Antrgrat Chune Evem Chune Jane Ke Adhikar Milne Se Bhi We Shasan Ke Bhagidar Ban Gaye Hai. Tatha We Apni Samajik Aarthik Samayayo Ke Prati Jagruk Toh Ho Gaye Hai Lekin Iske Sath Hi Kai Janjatiyo Mei Vidroh, Sanghresh Evem Algavvvadi Vichardhara Ka Bhi Janam Hua Hai.

Ashiksha- Janjatiyo Ki Pramukh Samasya Ashiksha Ki Hai. Ashiksha Ke Karan Janjatiye Samaj Anek Kuritiyo, Andhvishwaso Evem Dushit Pramparao  Mei Uljhe Hue Hai. AsikshaKe Karan Hi Janjatiye Log Rashtiye Dhara Evem Vegyanik Unnati Se Alag-AlagHai. Janjatiye Shetro Mei Shiksha Sansthao Ka Bhi Abhav Hai.


Aawagaman Evem Sanchar Ki Samasyaye-Adhikansh Janjatiya Durgam Bhogolik Sthano Par Rehti Hai Falath Unka Samperk Aadhunik Samaj Se Bahut Kam Ho Pata Hai. Inke Niwas Shetro Mei Aadhunik Sanchar Evem Yaytayat Ke Sadhno Ka Vikas Bahut Kam Hua Hai.

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