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Thursday, June 14, 2018

Samagri Niyantran Ki Vibhin Padhatiyo Ka Ulekh

Adesh athuva punha adesh sima

Yeh veh bindu hai jis tak pahunchane par us vishesh samgri atirikt matra kray karne ke liye avashayk karvahi arambh karni chaiye jiske niyantran sima aate aate maal prapt ho jaye. Samgri kray ki karyavahi prarambh karne se samagri prapt karne tak utpadan karya mei jitni samagri prayukt hone ki sambhavna hoti hai use samgri mei niyantran sima mei jodkar samagri ka adesh star nishchit kiya jata hai.

Niyuntam sima

Niyuntam sima athuva niyuntam matra ise vishesh samgri athuva atirikt purjo ki vyay kam se kam matra jo kisi bhi samay store mei rakhni chaiye.


Adhiktam star athuva sima

Stotre mei rakhi jane wali pratyek prakar ki samgri v pratyek prakar ke purjo ke niyuntam v adhiktam sima jo kisi bhi store mei rakhi jani chaiye, nirdharit kar di jati hai. Yeh sima prabhandh duara store mei samgri rakhne ka sthan, vitya sthan, mulya parivartano ki sambhavna, aadi bato ka dhyan mei rakhkar nirdharit ki jati hai.

Puneh adesh matra

Yeh us samanay matra ko pradarshit karta hai jiska adesh diya jata hai jab store puneh adesh star par pahunch jata hai uska nirdharan niyuntam avam  adhiktam staro ko dhayn mei rakhkar kiya jata hai.

Mitvayay adesh  matra athuva pramap adesh matra

Samgri tayar karne hetu eak bajaar mei jis matra ka adesh diya jata hai use adesh matra kahte hai. Utkram ki labhdayankta m ei vridhi karne ke liye yeh avashyak hai smagri eak baar itni matra mei  kray ki jaye jisse samgri prabandh mei adhiktam mitvyata prapt ho sake iska nirdharan nimn prakar se karte hai.

Varshik aavshakta ka anuman

Gatvarsh vastavik upbhog mei vyavsayik purv anuman par adharit uchit samayojan kar samagri ki varshik upbhog avashyakta ka anuman lagate hai.

Adeshan lagat

Adeshan lagat se ashay kray adesh dene tatha adeshit samagri ko prapt karne se yeh prati adesh lagat stir hone ke karan yadi varsh mei adesho ki sankhya adhik ho to kul adeshan lagat bhi adhik hoti hai. Iske viptrit yadi adesho ki sankhya kam ho to kul adeshan lagat bhi kam hoti hai.

Sangrehan lagat

Sangrehan lagat ka ashay samgri rakhne sambhavna athuva bhandaran karne ki legato se hai. Yado adesho ki sankhya kam tatha prati adesh samgri sadhik hoti hai to sangrahan lagate bhi adhik hoti hai tatha prati adesh samgri ki matra kam hone par ye lagate kam hoti hai.

Samagri lagat ki a b s padhtai

Kushal samgri niyantran ke liye yeh avashayak hai ki sabhi prakar ki samagriyo par pryapt niyantran rakha jaye kisi bhi upkaran ke sangrah agar mei samanyateh vibhin prakar ki samagriyo ko rakha jata hai v sabhi samghriya saman mehetv ki nahi hoti atah in par eak saman shreni ke niyantran ki avashyakta nahi hoti.

Sasti samgri ki tulna mei adhik muly wali samgri par kathor niyantran rakhna chaiye. Upkaram mei yeh gyat karne ke liye kisi samgri par kisi shreni ka niyantran rakha jaye samgriyo ko vargigrat kar diya jaye. Samagri niyantran ki is padhtai mei a b s nimn bhago mei bhata hai hai, isiliye is padhtai ko samagri ki a b s padhati bhi kahte hai. Kuch vidhvano ke anusar iska naam sadav shresht niyantran padhati hai.

Samagri ke vargikaran ki prakariya

Pratyek samagri ki lagat (matra X prati ikai mulya) gyat kar li jati hai, sam griyo ko unki lagat ke anusar kram pradan kiya jata hai, pratyek samagri ki lagat avam matra ka kul samgri ki lagat avam matra se pratishat ki ganna kar li jati hai.

Laabh

Store par uchit niyantran, sadhano ka sarvotam upyog, niyantran lagat mei kami, nyuntam vinyog, kray legato mei kami, bhandan legato mei kami. 

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