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Sunday, June 17, 2018

Samtylaya karya avam apramanit karya

Samtylaya karya

Samtylaya karya se aashay yah hai ki jab kisi nirman k antergat yah gyat kiya jata hai ki ardh nimrit ikaiya kitni purn nirmit ikaiyo k barabar hai toh isse Samtylaya utpadan kaha jata hai.

Sapashtikaran

Yeh ardhnimrit maal k mulyankan ki ek vidhi hai. Ardhnimrit ikaiyo ka mulyanakan un par vyay ki gayi ek vidhi hai. Isme yah gyat kiya jata hai ki ardh nimrit ikaiya kitni nimrit ikaiyo k barabar hai.

Samtylaya utpadan k lekhankan ki vidhi-

Samtylaya utpadan ka vivran tyar karna. Samtylaya utpadan ki prati ikai lagat gyat karna. Chalu karya avam nimrit maal ki lagat gyat karna. Prakariya khata banana.

Apramanit karya

Apramanit karya se yeh aashay hai ki theke par diye gaye karya ka joh bhaag thekadata k engineer duvara pramanit nahi hota use apramanit karya kiya jata hai.

Vyakhaya

Thekhadata k engineer duvara karaya pramanit kiye gaye vyay apramanit karya mei samilit kiye jate hai. In vyayo ko chalu karya mei sammilit kiya jata hai. Apramanit karya ko thekha khate mei vastavik mulya par dikhaya jata hai.

Lagat patr va lagat vivaran patr mei antar

Lagat patr ek aisa vivran hai, jisme utpadit vastu par prambh se aant tak k sabhi vyayo ka vivran diya jata hai tatha prateyk satr par prati ikai lagat gyat ki jati hai.

Iski nimn visheshtayeen hai, yeh ek vivran patr hai. Nishtit samya se sambandhit hota hai. Prayataksh aur aprayataksh dono prakar k vyayo ko sammilit kiya jata hai. Prayataksh vyay anumaan par aadharit hote hai. Prateyk satr par prati ikai lagat dikhayi jati hai.

Iske nimn gun hai, kool lagat ka gyan hota hai. Prati ikai lagat ka gyan hota hai. Tulnatmak aadhyan mei sahayk hai.

Lagat vivran patr

Iske antargat utpadan k pratyek satr ki kool lagat gyat ki jati hai tatha pratyek satr par prarambhik va antim rehatiyo ko bhi dhyan mei rakha jata hai.

Visheshtayeen

pratyek satr par kool lagat gyat ki jati hai. pratyek satr k prambhik va antim sakandh ko dhyan mei rakha jata hai. Prati ikai lagat nikali jati hai.

Utpadan khate ka namuna

Jab kisi vastoo k utpadan k lagat sambhandi aakdo ko dhora lekha pranali k aadhar par ek khate k roop mei prastoot kiya jata hai, toh isse Utpadan khata kehte hai.

Samuuh C-21 par kiye gaye vyayo ka vivran

Factory uprivyay kaam k ghanto k aadhar par lagaye jate hai jiski dar vibhag  A k liye ruppes 12 prati ghanta tatha vibhag B k liye ruppes 5 prati ghanta hai. Farm vikraya mulya nirdharit karne k liye lagat dhan padhati apnnati hai aur 25% sakal labh ( vikraya mulya – karkhana lagat) ki aasha karti hai. Prashsanik vyay vikraya mulaya par 10 % lagaye jate hai. Yeh maante hue ki samuh C-121 mei 500 ikaiyo ka utpadan hua prati ikai vikaraya mulaya ki ganna.

Niti adhhayan

Niti adhhayan se aashay frank gilbirth k anusaar, gati aadhyan veh vigyaan hai jiske duvara anavshyak, anirdeshit  tatha akushal gati se hone wali shati ko samapat kiya ja sake. Sanshep mei, yeh klaha ja sakta hai ki shramiko duvara kisi karya ko pura karne k liye joh gatividhiyo apnani jati hai unka vishleshan hi gati adhyan hai.

Sapashtikaran

Yeh manveey sansahadhno ki barbadi ko rokne ki ek padhti hai. Kisi kaam ko pura karne k liye gatividhiyo ko kam karne ka prayas kiys jata hai. Yeh sampan kiye gaye karya ki matra avam gunvata mei sudhar karne ki pravdhi hai. Yeh sharmiko ki anavashyak gatividhiyo ko rokne mei sahayk hai. Yah parbhandko ko kisi karya ki nuantam samya mei pura karane mei sahayk hai. Gatividhiyo ki sankhaya nuntam hone se sharmik thakawat ki samasya se mukt ho jate hai.

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