Breaking

Friday, June 15, 2018

Shay Ki Sampurn Avdharna

Sadharan Shay

Samanay karya padhtai ki adhin anivarya roop se utpan hone wale shay ko sadharan shay kaha jata hai. Yeh vastue ke sikud jane, bhap banker udne samany tute fute ke karan utpan hota hai. Pratyek parakar ki savdhani karne par bhi sadharn shay ko roka nahi ja sakta.

Visheshtaye

Anivarya sheh hai, anuman gatvarsho par adharit hota hai, udpadan lagat badh jati hai, yeh swabhavik karno se hota hai, iska kuch avshesh muly bhi ho sakta hai.

Lekha

Iski matra aur yadi kuch avshesh muly bhi hai to use prakariya khate ke credit paksh mei sambhandhit kolomo mei dikhate hai.


Asadharan shay

Yeh shay udpadan praklariya mei asadharan praisthityo mei hota hai. jaise parbandhako ya shramiko ki laparvahi, machino ki truti, samgri ki nimn kism aadi. Savdhani baratne par ise rok sakte hai.

Visgheshtaye

Manviviye karano se utpan hota hai, utapadan lagat prabhavit nahi hoti, isko roka ja skata hai, prakariya khate mei credit paksh mei dikhaya jata hai, hani ko labh hani khate mei hastantrit kar diya jata hai.

Asadharan bachat

Jab vastavik utpadan samany utpadan se kam hota hai to ise asadharan shay kahte hai kintu jab vastavik utpadan samanay utpadan se adhik hota to ise asadharan bachat kahte hai. Kintu jab vastavik utpadan samany utpadan se adhik hota hai to use asdharan bachat kahte hai yeh debit paksh mei dikhai deti hai. Tatha iska mulyakan bhi asadgharan shey ke bhanti kiya jata hai.

Eak prakariya se dusri prakariya ko labh prathantaran

Jab peheli prakariya se dusri prakariya mahalagat par hastantrit na karke eak nishchit pratishat par labh jodkar bheja jata hai to ise labh par hastantran kahte hai.

labh par hastantran ke paksh mei tark

pratyek kriya ki kushalta ki jnakari ho jati hai, bajaar se kray karne ya nirmit karne ka nirnay lene mei sahayak hai, vibhin prakariyo ka labh ka tulnatamat adhayn sambhav hai.

Sthir V Parivartansheel Uprivayo Mei Anter

Sthir vyay veh hote hai jinka utpadan ki matra ke sath koi sambhandh nahi hota jaise dukan ka kiraya aadi. Iski nimn visheshtaye hai;

Utpadan ki matra mei se vyay aprabhavit rehta hai, isnme kami ya vridhi nahi hoti, mukhye khel vyay nimn hai. Adhikansh karyalay vyay, factory kiraya, manager ka vetan, nagarpalika kar aadi.

Parivartansheel lagate

Jo vyay utpadan ki matra ke sath ghate badhte arthart badalte rehna chaiye, unhe parivartan vyay kaha jata hai. Iski viheshtaye nimn hai;

Utpadan matra mei parivartan se parivartansheet vyayo mei bhi parivartan hota hai.yeh purn roop se parivartan sheel ya ardhparivartan ho sakte hai. Parivartabn vyayo mei nimn ko samilit kiya jata hai pratyak kar, pratyak samgri, any pratyaksh vyay, bikri commission aadi.

Isthir tatha parivartansheel lagato mei anter

Utpadan ki matra se sambhandh

Parivartan sheel vyayo ki utpadan ki matra se sidha sambhandh hota hai jabki sthir uprivayavo ka nahi.

Lagat par prabhav

Parivartansheel uprivyayo ka lagat par anupatik prabhav hota hai jabki sthir uprivyavo ka prabhav utpadan badhane se kam hota hai.

Matra

Parivartansheel  uprivyayo ki matra adhik jabki sthir ki matra kam hoti hai.

Paragati par karye ke mulyakan ki vyakhya

Ashay

Nirman karya ki pragati se tatpary aise utapadan se hai jispar nirman karya prarambh ho gaya hail akin nirman karya pura nahi hua.

Nirman kary mei pragati ka mulyankan

Mul lagat ke adhar par

Is padhtai ke antetgrat chalu karya mei muly mei poratyek kache maal, pratyek shram, pratyek vyay ko samilit kiya jata hai. Jaise ki nimlikhit vivran se spashth hai.

Kahragana lagat ke adhar par

Is avdharna ke anusar chalu kary ke antergrat pratyaksh kacha maal pratyaksh shram, pratyaksh vyay tatha nirmaan vyay ko bhi samilit kiya jata hai. 

No comments:

Post a Comment