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Saturday, June 16, 2018

Upri vyavayo k avshoshsnah ya vitran ki padatiya

Karkhana Upri vyavayo ka avshoshan va batvara

Pratayksh samargri adhar- isme utpadan ki bikri ikai per hone wali pratyaksh samagri ka ek nishit pratishat karkhana uprivyay maan liya jata hai. Pratishat ka nirdharan pichle anubhav par kiya jata hai.

Iske nimn gun hai; padhati atyant saral hai. Utpadan k sath sidha sabandh sathapit kiya ja sakta hai.

Iske nimn dosh hai; samagri ka mulaya sathai ni rehta usme parivartan hote hai. Is padhati mei di gayi majdoori ko mehatv nahi diya jata. Is padhati mei yeh dhyan nahi rakha jata ki utpadan karya machine se ho raha hai,yeh yantro ki sahayta se. is padhtai mei samaya ka dhyan ni rakha jata hai.



Pratayksh majdoori k aadhar par;  is padhati mei factory vayya Pratayksh shram ka ek nishchit mane jate hai. Yeh pratishat gat varsho k anuroop k adhar par nirdharit ki jati hai. Adhikansh factorty yyayo ka Pratayksh shram k adhar per hi anumanit kiye jate hai.

Iske nimn gun hai, praishimik daro mei sithirta rehti hai. Samay gahat ko savam mahat mill jata hai.factory vyay ka pratishat sambandh shram se hota hai.

Iske nimn dosh hai, karya sharmiko duvara kiya jata hai ya mashineo duvara, is par dhyan ni diya jata. Kushal va aKushal sh bharmiko mei bhed nahi kiya jata hai. Yadi majdoori ka bhuktan karyanusar kiya jata hai toh parinamoo mei bhinta aati hai.

Mool lagat aadhar par; is padhtai mei karkhana vyay mool lagat k ek nishchit pratishat k roop mei liye jte hai. Yeh pratishat gat pratishat gat pratishat gat varsho k anubhav k ahar par hi nikali jati hai. Yeh padhati atyant saral hai, isme samagri v ashram dono aadhar par aprayataksh vyay anumanit kiye jate hai.

Iske nimn dosh hai;  mool lagat pratayksh samagri tatha pratayksh shram ka mishran hoti hai. Atah dono padhtaiyo k dosh isme paye jate hai. Is padhati mei is tathya ki upeksha ki jati hai ki karya manaviy shram duvara hua ya machine duvara. Is Padhati mei kushal, akushal sharmik athava sharmiko duvara kiye gaye karya ka koi prabhav nahi ni padhata hai.

Machine ghanta dar aadhar;

Is padhati mei prayatk machine, joh factory mei prayuk hoti hai,ko sanchalit karne ki prati ghanta dar nikali jati hai,aur vastu ko utpadit karne ya upkarm ko pura karne mei prayetak machine ka jitna upyog kiya jata hai,utne hi uprivyav us factory se vasool kiye jate hai. Jaise, ek machine ki machine ghanta dar 10 ruppes hai tatha machine ko vibhin karya par 500 gante tak prayog kiya gay hai, toh karkhana uprivyay 5000 honge.

Iske nimn gun hai;  machine ganta dar ritin adarsh avam vegayanik hai. Iske antargat factory uprivyay ko sathai roop se vibhakt kiya jata hai. Vyakigat jaanch k karan parinaam adhik vishvasneey hote hai.

Iske nimn dosh hai, dar nikalna ek jatil karya hai. Ganitiy karya mei virdhi hoti hai. Anek vyayo ka vibhajan is aadhar par nahi kiya ja sakta.

Karyalay uprivayay ka avshoshan ya batwara;

Karkhana uprivayak aadhar par- is padhati mei karyala uprivaya ko karkhana uprivayay k anupat mei vitrit kiya jata hai.

Factory lagat aadhar par-  yadi karayakal vyayo ki rashi aadhik hoti hai, toh inka vibhajan vastuoo ki factory lagat k aadhar par kiya jata hai.

Vikaraya va vitaran uprivyay ka avshoshan ya batwara-

Bikri ki jane wali vastouo k aadhar par- yadi bikri vyay utpadan k anupat mei ghate badhte hai aur utpadan ek hi kism ki vastuoo ka hota hai, toh sampurn bikri vayao ko vastoo k bhag dekar prati vastu ki anumanit bikari lagat nikali ja sakti hai.


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